Like any other surgical procedures, ACL surgery is performed to replace the torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in a person’s knee. As one of the four major ligaments in the knee, the ACL is a band of tissue that connects one bone to another within the knee, which functions to stabilise the joint.
That said, it’s the most commonly injured ligament among people who are highly active in sports that involve plenty of running and jumping as sudden changes in movement and direction can cause excessive stress on the knee.
Once the ACL is injured, there are several ways to treat it. Depending on the severity of the damage, the more common options are physical therapy and surgery, with the latter providing a higher chance of regaining full range of motion.
For people who are relatively less active, engage in moderate exercise and recreational activities, physical therapy may help treat their ACL injury. However, for people who are highly active and want to continue in their sports, ACL surgery rehabilitation exercise is generally recommended.
As with any life-changing decision, deciding whether or not to have surgery isn’t always easy. For ACL surgery, the benefits typically outweigh the risks. Also, your options will depend on the extent of your injury, age, and symptoms. Here’s how ACL surgery differs from physical therapy and how each treatment philosophy deers
ACL surgery typically involves replacing the damaged ligament with a new tendon, offering a better chance at regaining normal knee function. It usually allows athletes to return to sports and other physical activities that require a stable knee. ACL surgery offers a high success rate and has good long term outcome
Physiotherapy, on the other hand, is a treatment to strengthen the musles to help support the knee. It is generally recommended if the ACL is mildly strained or if the patient opts for a conservative approach. It may help strengthen the muscles around your knee but continuous rehabilitation is necessary to ensure a full recovery. A conservative approach are only appropriate for those with less physical demands and for patients who do not need any pivoting stability.
If you decide to have the surgery, you’ll still likely undergo several weeks of physiotherapy to reduce pain and swelling, restore your knee’s full range of motion, and strengthen your muscles. That’s because people who go into surgery and do not ranging their motions early may develop stiffness.
As you perform some of these exercises, you will likely experience some discomfort. When that happens, don’t try to ignore the pain. Instead, take it easy and rest your knee. Don’t push past your limits. Otherwise, you’ll make matters worse and this can result in a longer recovery time. Not all exercises described are suitable for every individual. It is best to speak to a physiotherapist to have a personalised plan for rehabilitation.
At Spire Orthopaedic Centre, everyone should be cared for and healed holistically in comfort without having to travel to different locations to seek medical and surgical help and rehabilitation support.
With a combined facility for collaboration between physicians, physiotherapists, and surgeons, you will experience a seamless service from diagnosis to treatment and rehabilitation, that’s tailored just for you at our clinic.