On top of that, the pain can originate in any of the bony structures compromising the knee joint (femur, tibia, fibula), the kneecap (patella), or the ligaments, tendons, and cartilage (meniscus) of the knee. Treating knee pain with home remedies can be helpful but once it becomes a severe problem, total knee replacement surgery may be recommended.
Total knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure that can help relieve knee pain and restore function in severely diseased knee joints. The surgery involves cutting away damaged bone and cartilage from the thighbone, shinbone, and kneecap and replacing it with an artificial joint (prosthesis) made of metal alloys, high-grade plastics, and polymers.
Whether you’ve chosen to undergo a knee replacement or looking to understand your options, an orthopaedic surgeon will first assess your knee’s range of motion, stability, and strength along with some X-ray imaging to help determine the extent of the damage. Total knee replacement surgery may be considered if you have severe arthritis or a severe knee injury.
There are various types of arthritis that can affect the knee joint with osteoarthritis affecting most middle-aged and older adults. It’s characterised by the breakdown of joint cartilage whereby damage to the cartilage and bones limits movement and may cause pain. People with osteoarthritis may have a hard time doing activities that involve bending the knee like walking or climbing stairs.
Aside from osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis can cause inflammation of the synovial membrane and result in excessive synovial fluid, leading to pain and stiffness of the knee. Meanwhile, traumatic arthritis, as the name suggests, is due to injury which may cause damage to the cartilage of the knee.
If medical treatments aren’t satisfactory, a knee replacement surgery is often recommended due to its effectiveness.
Like any other surgical procedures, there are risks to total knee replacement surgery. Some of these include:
There may be other risks depending on your medical condition. Make sure to discuss any concerns with your doctor before the procedure.
In total knee replacement surgery, all three compartments of the knee are resurfaced to ensure the artificial joint fits well into the bones. The surgeon will carefully measure the bones and make precise cuts using special instruments.
To ensure that the implant is working correctly, the surgeon will bend and flex the knee to examine whether the alignment, sizing, and positioning of the implant is suitable. Your surgical procedure is complete when the surgeon closes the incision with stitches or staples and bandages it and prep you for recovery.
A total knee replacement complications may be effective in relieving your knee pain and restoring mobility function, but your knee won’t work the same as your natural knee. Hence, you must maintain good ligament health to prevent knee surgery. Once your ligament and tendon are damaged, they take time to heal.
At Spire Orthopaedic Centre, everyone should be cared for and healed holistically in comfort without having to travel to different locations to seek medical and surgical help and rehabilitation support.
With a combined facility for collaboration between physicians, physiotherapists, and surgeons, you will experience a seamless service from diagnosis to treatment and rehabilitation, that’s tailored just for you at our clinic.