Forearm Fractures in Children
Forearm fractures are among the most common broken bones during childhood. Broken arms often occur while children are playing and fall unexpectedly.
Fractures of the forearm can occur near the joints of the wrist or elbow, or in the middle of the bone.
The severity of the fracture will determine the recommended treatment, and how long it will take for your child to recover.
Children are prone to falling due to their playful nature. Hence, forearm fractures are the most common fractures in children (up to 50% of all fractures in children) and occur in 1 out of every 100 children. The vast majority of these fractures can be treated with just a cast or splint, although some of them may need to be reset to improve the alignment of the bones.
What are the types of Forearm Fractures
- Physeal Fracture
This occurs when the growth plate or physis through the wrist is involved in the injury. These fractures are especially common near the wrist, especially in younger children
- Torus fracture
This occurs when only one side of the bone is compressed and buckles but does not break all the way through.
- Greenstick fracture
This occurs because children’s bones are still very soft and flexible compared to adult bones. Like the greenstick of a tree branch, the one end of the bone breaks and the other just bends, Hence the term green stick fracture
- Plastic Deformation fracture
This occurs when the bones bend but do not break
Symptoms of Forearm Fractures
Skin bruising or color change
Extreme pain while putting weight or pressure on the forearm
Popping or snapping heard during the injury
Unable to more the arm normally
Treatments of Forearm Fractures
Your child’s treatment plan is determined by the type, location, and severity of the fracture. Most are treated in a cast.
Some fractures may require closed reduction (moving broken pieces of bone back into alignment
Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of the Fracture ( with Pins, Plates or Screw) maybe put in place while it heals. Patients may take up to 3 months to recover