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Trigger Finger

Trigger Finger | Spire Orthopaedic

What is Trigger Finger?

Trigger finger is a painful condition that makes your fingers or thumb catch or lock when you bend them. If it is severe, our finger may become locked in a bent position. People whose work or hobbies require repetitive gripping actions are at higher risk of developing trigger finger.

Symptoms of Trigger Finger

Some signs and symptoms of trigger finger may progress from mild to severe and include: 

● Finger stiffness, particularly in the morning 

● A painful clicking or snapping when you bend or straighten your finger. 

●Tenderness or a bump in the palm at the base of the affected finger 

●A popping or clicking as you move your finger 

●Finger locked in a bent position, which you are unable to straighten ( only in severe cases)

 

Causes of Trigger Finger

Most of the time, it comes from a repeated movement or forceful use of your finger or thumb. Tendons are fibrous cords that attach muscle to bone. Each tendon is surrounded by a protective sheath. 

A tendon usually glides easily through the tissue that covers it (called a sheath) thanks to the synovium, a membrane that surrounds joints and keeps them lubricated. Sometimes, a tendon gets inflamed and swollen.

Risk Factors of Trigger Finger

Common things that put you on risk to have trigger finger include: 

● Repeated gripping

Occupations and hobbies that involve repetitive hand use and prolonged gripping may increase your risk of trigger finger. 

● Health conditions

Diabetes, gout, and rheumatoid arthritis can lead to trigger finger. 

● Age and Sex

Between ages 40 and 60 and more common in women than men.

● Carpal tunnel syndrome surgery

It’s most common in the first 6 months after surgery

Treatments for Trigger Finger

Trigger finger treatment varies depending how severe your symptoms are. 

● Medications

– Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Celebrex, Voltaren, Steroid injections) 

● Rest

– Try not to move the finger or thumb. Avoid activities that require repetitive gripping, repeated grasping or the prolonged use of vibrating hand-held machinery until your symptoms improve. If you can’t quit, you might try padded gloves. 

● Splints 

– Your doctor can give you one designed to keep your finger still. The splint helps rest the tendon. 

● Stretching exercises 

– These gentle exercises may ease stiffness to help maintain mobility in your finger. 

● Surgery 

– Tenolysis or trigger finger release surgery. The doctor makes a small cut at the base of the finger and opens the sheath around the tendon. 

Conclusion

If you are facing symptoms of Trigger Finger and would like to seek for professional advice and treatment, Spire Orthopaedics is ready to help. Contact us here (add link) or call us at (HP Number) to book an appointment.

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